Saint-Just, Louis-Antoine-Léon

(1767-1794)
   political figure
   Born in Decize, Louis-Antoine-Léon Saint-Just studied at the oratian College in Reims and quite early supported the revolution of 1789, publishing a satirical poem, "Organt" (1789) and a work entitled Esprit de la Révolution et de la Constitution de France (1791), making him one of the youngest theoreticians of the French Revolution. A deputy for Aisne to the Convention (1792), he sat with the montagnards and became known for his violent views, unceasingly demanding the king's death and opposing the girondins' plan for a federalist constitution as outlined by condorcet (April 1793). A member of the Committee of Public Safety (where with maximilten robespierre and georges couthon he formed the "Triumvirate"), he devoted himself to domestic issues and organized the armies of the Rhine in taking measures against guilty officers and deserters. As president of the National Convention (February 1794), Saint-Just contributed to the strengthening of dictatorial revolutionary powers and used his authority to confiscate the property of émigrés, redistributing it to the indigent, and helped Robespierre to suppress various opposing factions (Hébertists, indulgents, Dantonists, moderates, and ultrarevolutionaries). He was arrested with Robespierre, with whom he was executed the next day (9 and 10 Thermidor Year III, July 27-28, 1794). Saint-Just's writing, Institutions républicaines, was published only after his death. A notorious figure of the Revolution, and especially of the terror (he played a major role in the conviction of georges danton), his phrases and statements were often quoted.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saint-Just, Louis (-Antoine-Léon) de — born Aug. 25, 1767, Decize, France died July 28, 1794, Paris French Revolutionary leader. In support of the French Revolution, he wrote the radical Esprit de la révolution et de la constitution de France (1791) and was elected to the National… …   Universalium

  • Saint-Just, Louis (-Antoine-Léon) de — (25 ago. 1767, Decize, Francia–28 jul. 1794, París). Líder revolucionario francés. En apoyo de la Revolución francesa, escribió la radical obra Esprit de la révolution et de la constitution de France [El espíritu de la revolución y de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Saint-Just, Louis-Antoine-Léon — ► (1767 94) Político francés, uno de los principales dirigentes jacobinos. En 1791 publicó Espíritu de la Revolución y de la Constitución de Francia, influido por Montesquieu y Rousseau. Diputado en la Convención y miembro del Comité de Salvación …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Saint-Just, Louis Antoine Léonde — Saint Just (săɴ zho͞ostʹ, zhüstʹ), Louis Antoine Léon de. 1767 1794. French revolutionary. Active during the Reign of Terror, he was tried and executed with his colleague Robespierre in 1794. * * * …   Universalium

  • Louis-Antoine-Léon de Saint-Just — Antoine de Saint Just Louis Antoine Léon de Saint Just (* 25. August 1767 in Decize bei Nevers; † (hingerichtet) 28. Juli 1794 in Paris) war ein französischer Revolutionär. Er war seit 1792 im Nationalkonvent, entscheidend am Sturz der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis Antoine Léon Saint–Just — Antoine de Saint Just Louis Antoine Léon de Saint Just (* 25. August 1767 in Decize bei Nevers; † (hingerichtet) 28. Juli 1794 in Paris) war ein französischer Revolutionär. Er war seit 1792 im Nationalkonvent, entscheidend am Sturz der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis-Antoine-Léon Saint-Just — Louis Antoine de Saint Just Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Just. Saint Just …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis Antoine Léon de Saint-Just — Louis Antoine de Saint Just Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Just. Saint Just …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint-Just, Louis de — ▪ French revolutionary Introduction in full  Louis Antoine Léon de Saint Just  born August 25, 1767, Decize, France died July 28, 1794, Paris  controversial ideologue of the French Revolution, one of the most zealous advocates of the Reign of… …   Universalium

  • Saint-Just — Saint Just, Louis Antoine Léon …   Enciclopedia Universal

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